Psychological distress is prevalent among elderly patients with cancer and, The proportion of patients with family monthly income per capita between . The relationship between psychological distress scores and demographic and either breast cancer patients (%) or colorectal cancer patients (%), the . This study of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients explores: (1) changes in as “the degree of discomfort reported by patients in relation to their perceptions of Women who perceived support from family, friends, and healthcare providers. The psychological distress among all relationship types was similar. over 11, spouses and intimate partners of cancer survivors showed that the relative Breast and prostate cancer each have disease and treatment-related side effects.
The table also shows there are significant emotional distress relationships between the two groups like problems with keeping children at home, housing, economical and educational issues of children, fear, anxiety and angriness Table3. Discussion It is clear that the cancer is a difficult disease, with affecting cancer patients and their families both physically and emotionally.
Emotional distress in cancer patients has been identified as a significant problem. Distress has become increasingly recognized as a factor that can reduce the quality of life of cancer patients. Recent increase in cancer incidence, experiencing emotional distress in cancer patients as well as the problems of oncology specialists in examining a vast number of patients motivated us to analyze the causes and the effects of emotional distress on breast cancer patients.
This finding is consistent with the strong results [ 18 ].
- Document - Relationship and distress in relatives of breast cancer patients
There was no statistically significant relationship between marital status and emotional distress. In the other hand, being or not being a drug addict seems to have nothing to do with the rate of emotional distress. Similar to Herschbach and Rites results and in contrary with Lonnie study, there was not a relationship between emotional distress and literacy rate [ 202223 ].
The results further reveal that there was not a statistically significant relationship between monthly average wage and emotional distress. However, two points should be clarified here: Firstly, the categorization of the patients into 3 groups based on the monthly average wage was done subjectively as we did not have access to the exact amount of their wages. Secondly, as the participants were asked to tell us their monthly average wage, it seems that at least some of them might not tell the exact amount due to socio-cultural issues.
Evaluation of Emotional Distress in Breast Cancer Patients
Based on the results of this study, and similar to those of Herschbach, Lonnie and Strong, living in cities or villages has nothing to do with the emotional distress of the participants [ 182023 ]. Another finding of this study is the fact that the emotional distress increases unless the patient knows about his medical status. Conclusion Emotional distress can affect the quality of life of breast cancer patients.
Based on the results of this study, the emotional distress rate of the patients was determined according to the influential factors. It seems that paying attention to the abovementioned problems as well as using psychology teams and trained personnel can help the patients and decrease the number of problems which can result in a reduction in the rate of emotional distress.
Acknowledgments This paper has extracted from a thesis by Dr. The authors would like to thank the vice chancellor for his assistance and the Research Committee for their support.
Footnotes There was no conflict of interest in this article. Mona Koochak-Pour and Emad Sabahi have been responsible for collecting the data, and Hamid Saeedi-Saedi and Soodabeh Shahidsales have contributed to the analysis and data interpretation. Psychosocial care in cancer. Estimates of the cancer incidence and mortality in Europe in Islamic republic of Iran, Ministry of health and Medical Educance: Iranian Annual of national cancer Registration Report.
The prevalence of psychological distress by cancer site. On the other hand, family history has significant predictive effect on psychological distress, which is associated to the cognition that the patients with family history will possibly suffer from cancer in the future. Coping style sometimes plays a regulatory role, sometimes a intermediary role between stress and psychological reaction. The regression analysis in the present study suggests that negative coping style had significant positive predictive effect on anxiety depression, cancer-specific distressbut the predictive effect of family history decreased when demographic variables were controlled.
Part of the intermediary role of negative coping style between family history and psychological distress is verified. The results suggest that the patients will experience higher levels of negative emotions and psychological distress by employing negative coping style to stress. Consequently, negative emotion appears, especially the cancer-specific distress, which is harmful to mental health. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence of family history of colorectal, breast and ovarian cancer in a Scottish general practice population.
Evaluation of Emotional Distress in Breast Cancer Patients
Family history of cancer and its association with breast cancer risk perception and repeat mammography. Am J Public Health. Positive psychology interventions in breast cancer. Theory, measurement, and controversy in positive psychology, health psychology, and cancer: Depression and barriers to mental health care in older cancer patients. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. A pilot study to test the effects of art-making classes for family caregivers of patients with cancer.
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