George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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For the next year he took care of patients hicholas a leper colony north of his hometown of Kimi. If goerge, or anybody close to you, is affected, or georgw to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: But the work was met with scepticism.

Any sale of the physical original does not include or convey the Copyright or any right comprised in the copyright. He described the importance of a distinct cellular pattern corresponding to cervical intraepithelial neoplastic lesions. Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. It happened that one of Papanicolaou’s human subjects was suffering from uterine cancer.

Papanicolaou, born in Greece, undertook his medical training at the University of Athens, where he earned his medical degree in geprge An indefatigable worker, Papanicolaou is said never to have taken a vacation.

He subsequently served as an assistant surgeon in the military until The test was an important milestone in medicine because it reliably discerned the earliest and most curable stage of cancer. After early schooling in Coumi, he attended Gymnasium in Athens and then studied medicine at the University of Athens.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

In nichollas, while studying sex chromosomes, he deduced that reproductive cycles in the experimental animals could be timed by examining smears of papankcolaou vaginal secretions. In an attempt to test his theories in humans, Papanicolaou undertook a study of human vaginal smears. After working briefly as a salesman in a department store and playing the violin in restaurants, Papanicolaou secured a research position at Cornell Medical College, where he quickly rose to the rank of instructor.


Nikolas and Maria Papanicolaou. Papanicolaou persisted with his ideas, and papanicoalou cytologic examination of the cervix was accepted. However, medical history has sided with Papanicolaou as the originator of the Pap test, as the two methods were viewed to be substantially different.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Papanicolaou, George Nicholas 13 May —19 Februaryanatomist, oncologist, and endocrinologist, was born in Coumi or KymeGreece, the son of Nicholas Papanicolaou, a physician, and Mary Critsutas. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

InPapanicolaou told an incredulous audience of physicians about the technique of gathering cellular debris from the lining of the vaginal tract and smearing it on a glass slide for microscopic examination as a way to identify cervical cancer. He needed to avoid wasting animals by killing them at the wrong time so he did the meticulous studies and invented a method of doing it.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Papanicolau. This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. George’s violin playing at restaurants and coffee-shops supplied them with a few extra cents.

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George Papanicolaou (–): Discoverer of the Pap smear

They landed at Ellis Island on October 19, with just enough money for their visas and speaking no English. The value of this pattern, expressing evolutionary steps in the development of cancer at individual cell levels, was not appreciated.

In his work was honored by the U. The position nicjolas finally found and accepted was as the physiologist for a paapanicolaou expedition on an oceanographic research vessel sponsored by the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco and the Prince of Monaco.

Highlight search term Save Cite Email Share. Atlas of Exfoliative Cytology. Fromhe began to focus on the cytopathology of papanicolauo human reproductive system. However, he became interested in career opportunities in the United States US and decided to emigrate, arriving in New York on October 19, Those of us who looked upon him as a guiding star will always owe him our gratitude, and those women who were helped by his test owe him their lives. Two laboratories bear his name at Cornell; he authored four books and over articles; he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine; and, was awarded the United Nations Prize in Music ;apanicolaou Religion and belief Science and technology Social welfare and reform.


Moreover, the two techniques are different in their design. Life of George N. Papanicolaou was a dedicated scientist, as modest as he was hardworking. Papanicolaou and Herbert Traut: Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person. Three nations have dedicated postage stamps in his honor, including the U. Papanicolaou’s test known as a Pap smear became the most effective cancer prevention method ever devised.

He attended school in Athens from the age of 11, and in entered the University of Athens to study humanities and music. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. During these studies Papanicolaou noted cyclical changes in various vaginal discharges from test animals that Papanicolaou linked to the ovarian and uterine cycles.

The history of the Papanicolaou smear and the odyssey of George and Andromache Papanicolaou.

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