Policing and Humanitarianism in France | Miriam Ticktin - elecciones2013.info
Where ethics and politics meet. MIRIAM TICKTIN I argue that the sacred place of biological integrity in this ethical discourse leads immigrants. Keywords: Refugees; Innocent Bodies; Political Activists, European Cinema. . the film the African mother refugee is portrayed as .. Miriam Ticktin points out, in a schema that does not . TICKTIN, M. () “Where Ethics and Politics Meet. MIRIAM TICKTIN. University The sacred place of biological integrity in this emergent ethics became . Where ethics and politics meet * American Ethnologist mother, which forced her into the care of her uncle and aunt.
The Violence of Humanitarianism in France, both Redfield and Ticktin, respectively, identify a common thread across humanitarianism: As Ticktin illustrates, humanitarianism reinforces colonial subjugation as well as racial and gender hierarchies in what is, arguably, a postcolonial context. Popular French colonial discourse on Algeria informs stereotypes of Algerians that continue to pervade discriminatory employment, education and other policies that privilege white citizens 3.
The ability of health care workers to assign political value to lives brings the underlying violence of humanitarianism into sharp relief 2.
Introduction: The Gender of Humanitarian Narrative | Humanity Journal
On the other hand, bios describes a life rich with networks and communities unique to humans 2. While the nature of humanitarianism is ostensibly apolitical, to either grant or deny an immigrant a permit is a political end in and of itself.
As Ticktin demonstrates, the process of diagnoses is often governed by emotion. Similar reluctance towards immigrants is felt throughout European governing bodies.
Essentially, his diction equates immigrants to enemy forces. Prior to these insensitive remarks, the Italian navy documented 2, accounts of drowned or missing refugees in the Mediterranean 8. In other words, humanitarian efforts to save migrants would result in a surge of immigrants to Europe. After dismantling Mare Nostrum, the joint European Union initiative created a more passive program called Operation Triton, which has a third of the funding as its predecessor 8.
Given the relationship between humanitarianism and colonialism, to what extent is it possible to reform humanitarian such that it no longer maintains hierarchies of difference? Yet the imagery of this humanitarian gesture often reproduced unequal relations between racially coded bodies and reinforced the association of femininity with sympathy, domesticity, and piety.
While few of us have encountered this alleged traffic in women firsthand, many—including some academics, feminists, journalists, newspaper readers, lawyers, human rights advocates, evangelical Christians, and even former president George W.
Bush—are certain a vast organized commerce in women exists. How is this certainty produced? It is thanks to specific representational devices that experiences of suffering and the provision of aid are recounted and made to seem genuine and compelling to the reader or viewer. The contributions by Kerry Bystrom as well as Elizabeth Swanson Goldberg and Alexandra Schultheis Moore go further to ask how an illusion of immediate connection with a geographically or culturally distant sufferer is textually created and institutionally codified even as particular and complexly determined human experiences are bent to fit established threat scenarios.
Political Repercussions Locating our starting point again in narratives or fragments of narrative, embedded in larger texts e. Why do some behaviors become such enduring subjects of human rights and humanitarian concern and not others?
What narratives do they tell that have such resonance over time? Two victim paradigms emerged in the late twentieth century along with the international human rights regime: She develops her arguments specifically in relation to the limit cases of sex workers and death row prisoners.
Sex workers are singled out for sympathy only if forced to do sex work, are innocent girls, or are ignorant of the trafficking system and helplessly fall prey to smugglers. Meyers urges that the innocence criterion be replaced by a burdened agency criterion, which would allow for a more capacious understanding of who counts as a bearer of human rights and under what conditions right-holders become victims of rights violations.
He asserts that the narratives of rescue that dominate antislavery discourse today are guided by a masculinist politics, in which men but never women can stand up for their rights.
Introduction: The Gender of Humanitarian Narrative
This masculinist politics skips lightly over the growth in the last two decades of a social movement of Dominicans of Haitian descent, who are organizing across the country in defense of their own rights but without the protection of expatriate patrons.
Such resolution seems at the very least premature, before enough is known about how imperial narratives and fables of patriarchy work as texts and otherwise explain more fully why these stories have enduring appeal in the West, at leastquestions to which each essay in this issue contributes its own perspective.Political Concepts Conference: Panel 3 (Ann Stoler, Hagar Kotef, and Miriam Ticktin)
By contrast with that era, multiple modes of political action are now open to women. The contributors thus collectively sketch a direction for future research on the gender politics of humanitarian and human rights representation, based on feminist questioning of the terms of scholarly and public debate, detailed historical and sociological contextualization of texts and images, and close readings that pay attention to continuing symmetries as well as points of rupture between stories of peril and redemption and their encompassing texts, discourses, and sociocultural milieus.
Aberrations and Predicaments in Ethics and Politics Stanford: Stanford University Press, ; Joseph R. Fordham University Press, See also Thomas W.
- Category Archives: Humanitarianism
The Mobilization of Empathy, ed. Richard Ashby Wilson and Richard D. Cambridge University Press,31—57; and Joseph R. University of California Press,— The Ethics of Recognition Basingstoke: Simon and Schuster,esp.
The sociologist Elizabeth Holzer, drawing on her field research on social protest among Liberian refugees in Ghana, reports that refugee camp residents preferred to couch demands in a filial idiom of children supplicating their mother the aid organization for unmet needs, even though they were emboldened to protest in part because they had been repeatedly coached by aid workers about their rights.
Morality, Media and Politics Cambridge: The Government of Threat and Care, ed. Duke University Press,— Routledge,47— New York University Press,—