Biomechanics of Sport: Muscle Force - Length Relationship
Biomechanics in Sports 29 KEY WORDS: Skeletal muscle, force-length relationship, force-velocity relationship, mechanics, performance optimization. The task in many sport skills is to cause a large change in the velocity of we are forced to emphasize duration of force application (Δt) in the impulse equation. Veja grátis o arquivo Biomechanics in sport enviado para a disciplina de Mashima, H. () Force-velocity relation and contractility in striated muscles.
Length tension relationship
Move only your hand and forearm, and keep your upper arm and the rest of your body still. Try it a third time using your wrist, elbow, and shoulder. Move only your hand, forearm, and upper arm, and keep the rest of your body still. This technique is an improvement over the previous one, but you could still do better. Try it a fourth time throwing as you normally would with no constraints.
This throw was probably the fastest. In which throw were you able to exert a force against the ball for the longest amount of time?
For the shortest amount of time? The large impulse was the result of a relatively large average force being exerted on the ball for a relatively long time. You exerted the smallest impulse on the ball when you used only your wrist. The small impulse was the result of a relatively small average force being exerted on the ball for a relatively short time. The normal throwing technique involved more limbs in the throwing action, and you were able to increase the time during which you could exert a force on the ball and you were probably able to exert a larger average force.
The end result was a faster throw. Due to a longer period of force application, the ball had more time to speed up, and thus its velocity at release was faster.
An important thing to remember about the impulse—momentum relationship equation 3. An impulse will cause a change in momentum, and thus a change in velocity, in the direction of the force. If you want to change the velocity of an object in a specific direction, the force you apply, or some component of that force, must be in that specific direction. Which is the greater limitation on impulse—the force or the time?
What limited your throwing performance with the lighter object? Was your strength the limiting factor do you have to be exceptionally strong to throw a table tennis ball fast? What limited your throwing performance with the heavy object—strength force or technique duration of force application? More specifically, the duration of time during which you could exert a force on the ball was constrained.
It was very short. The ball sped up so quickly that your hand had a difficult time keeping up with it and still exerting a force on it.
Biomechanics of Sport: Muscle Force - Velocity Relationship
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Understand the impact of force duration on performance
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