Diplomacy - Wikipedia
Define diplomatic relations (noun) and get synonyms. What is diplomatic relations (noun)? diplomatic relations (noun) meaning, pronunciation and more by. diplomatic relations definition: the arrangement between two countries by which each has representatives in the other country. Learn more. A diplomatic relation usually refers to international diplomacy, the conduct of international relations through the intercession of professional diplomats with.
An important role of India's foreign policy has been to ensure their welfare and wellbeing within the framework of the laws of the country where they live. Nehru served concurrently as Prime Minister and Minister of External Affairs; he made all major foreign policy decisions himself after consulting with his advisers and then entrusted the conduct of international affairs to senior members of the Indian Foreign Service.
His successors continued to exercise considerable control over India's international dealings, although they generally appointed separate ministers of external affairs. By the s, the Office of the Prime Minister had become the de facto coordinator and supraministry of the Indian government. The enhanced role of the office strengthened the prime minister's control over foreign policy making at the expense of the Ministry of External Affairs.
Advisers in the office provided channels of information and policy recommendations in addition to those offered by the Ministry of External Affairs. A subordinate part of the office—the Research and Analysis Wing RAW —functioned in ways that significantly expanded the information available to the prime minister and his advisers.
The RAW gathered intelligence, provided intelligence analysis to the Office of the Prime Minister, and conducted covert operations abroad. The prime minister's control and reliance on personal advisers in the Office of the Prime Minister was particularly strong under the tenures of Indira Gandhi —77 and —84 and her son, Rajiv —89who succeeded her, and weaker during the periods of coalition governments.
Observers find it difficult to determine whether the locus of decision-making authority on any particular issue lies with the Ministry of External Affairs, the Council of Ministers, the Office of the Prime Minister, or the prime minister himself.
Subrahmanyam in to head a special government task force to study 'Global Strategic Developments' over the next decade. Ministry of External Affairs[ edit ] The Ministry of External Affairs is the Indian government's agency responsible for the foreign relations of India.
Sushma Swaraj is current Minister of External Affairs. Look East Policy[ edit ] Main article: During the cold war, India's relations with its South East Asian neighbours was not very strong. After the end of the cold war, the government of India particularly realised the importance of redressing this imbalance in India's foreign policy. Consequently, the Narsimha Rao government in the early nineties of the last century unveiled the look east policy.
Initially it focused on renewing political and economic contacts with the countries of East and South-East Asia. After the start of liberalisation, it was a very strategic policy decision taken by the government in the foreign policy.
Foreign relations of India
This can occur by allowing individuals to find refuge within the grounds of an embassy not generally done in American embassies ; and when one state allows someone to live within its borders, out of reach of the authority of a second state from which the person seeks protection.
B Belligerency A state of belligerency is a state of armed conflict. Belligerents are direct participants in the conflict. Bilateral Bilateral discussions, negotiations, or treaties are between a sovereign state and one other entity, either another sovereign state or an international organization.
The relationship between two nations is referred to as a bilateral relationship. Breaking Relations The formal act of severing diplomatic relations with another nation to underscore disapproval of its actions or policies.
It is only done under severe situations. C Chancery The office space where the Chief of Mission and his staff work. This office is sometimes called the embassy, but, technically, the embassy refers to the diplomatic delegation itself. It is still used as the title of the head of a US mission where the US and other nation do not have full diplomatic relations.
Today with the a. Conciliation An effort to achieve agreement and, it is hoped, increased goodwill between two opposed parties. Disputes on precedence among nations and therefore the appropriate diplomatic ranks used were first addressed at the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle inbut persisted for over a century until after World War IIwhen the rank of ambassador became the norm.
In between that time, figures such as the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck were renowned for international diplomacy. Diplomats themselves and historians often refer to the foreign ministry by its address: The "Consulta" referred to the Italian ministry of Foreign Affairs, based in the Palazzo della Consulta from to Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Main article: Diplomatic immunity The sanctity of diplomats has long been observed.
This sanctity has come to be known as diplomatic immunity. While there have been a number of cases where diplomats have been killed, this is normally viewed as a great breach of honour. Genghis Khan and the Mongols were well known for strongly insisting on the rights of diplomats, and they would often wreak horrific vengeance against any state that violated these rights.
Diplomatic rights were established in the midth century in Europe and have spread throughout the world. These rights were formalized by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relationswhich protects diplomats from being persecuted or prosecuted while on a diplomatic mission. If a diplomat does commit a serious crime while in a host country he may be declared as persona non grata unwanted person.
Such diplomats are then often tried for the crime in their homeland. Diplomatic communications are also viewed as sacrosanct, and diplomats have long been allowed to carry documents across borders without being searched.
Diplomatic Allies - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan) 中華民國外交部 - 全球資訊網英文網
The mechanism for this is the so-called " diplomatic bag " or, in some countries, the "diplomatic pouch". While radio and digital communication have become more standard for embassies, diplomatic pouches are still quite common and some countries, including the United States, declare entire shipping containers as diplomatic pouches to bring sensitive material often building supplies into a country.
- Diplomatic Dictionary
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Ambassadors and other diplomats are sometimes recalled temporarily by their home countries as a way to express displeasure with the host country. In both cases, lower-level employees still remain to actually do the business of diplomacy. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. April Learn how and when to remove this template message Diplomacy is closely linked to espionage or gathering of intelligence.
Embassies are bases for both diplomats and spies, and some diplomats are essentially openly acknowledged spies. They do not try to hide this role and, as such, are only invited to events allowed by their hosts, such as military parades or air shows.
There are also deep-cover spies operating in many embassies. These individuals are given fake positions at the embassy, but their main task is to illegally gather intelligence, usually by coordinating spy rings of locals or other spies.
For the most part, spies operating out of embassies gather little intelligence themselves and their identities tend to be known by the opposition. If discovered, these diplomats can be expelled from an embassy, but for the most part counter-intelligence agencies prefer to keep these agents in situ and under close monitoring.
The information gathered by spies plays an increasingly important role in diplomacy. Arms-control treaties would be impossible without the power of reconnaissance satellites and agents to monitor compliance. Information gleaned from espionage is useful in almost all forms of diplomacy, everything from trade agreements to border disputes.
Diplomatic resolution of problems[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.